Freight Management in multicompany environments
In multicompany environments, freight orders can be generated
from originating orders created in various logistic companies. The freight
orders are planned or clustered and executed in one or more designated freight
planning companies. When the freight order generation process is performed, the
freight orders are allocated to a freight planning company.
Actual loads and shipments are sent to the originating companies
where Warehousing can execute them. The actual shipping information is then sent back to the
freight planning company. In the freight planning company, the loads can be
completed and closed.
Most freight master data is shared across the logistic companies
within the multicompany setup. All freight planning and executing information
is only available in the freight planning company, this is the company of the
The freight planning company can be any logistic company in the
multicompany structure. If any information is requested for a freight order
line from an originating company, LN automatically displays or returns the required information from the freight
planning company of the freight order line.
Similarly, if a process in Freight requires information
from or sends information to the originating company, LN automatically goes to the originating company.
Freight supports these multicompany scenarios:
Centralized transportation planning
All originating orders from multiple logistic companies are
planned and executed in a single central freight planning company.
Centralized and local transportation
The majority of originating orders from multiple logistic
companies are planned and executed in a central freight planning company. Other
originating orders are planned and executed in the local logistic companies.
The local logistic companies are freight planning companies as well in this
scenario. You can setup as many central freight planning companies as
Multicompany warehouse transfers
Goods are transferred from a warehouse in one company to a
warehouse in another company. In this scenario, not more than three logistical
companies can be involved:
- The company of the from-warehouse where the originating
warehouse order creates the freight order. The from-warehouse ships the goods
based on the freight planning.
- The freight planning company, which plans and executes the
transport between the warehouses.
- The company of the to-warehouse, which receives the goods
and sends actual receipt information to the freight planning company.
In multicompany environments, the Freight processes
work as follows:
Create or generate freight order
Freight orders can be generated for orders in other LN packages.
When a freight order is generated, Freight selects a shipping office based on
the originating order attributes. The freight planning company defined for the
shipping office determines the company in which the freight order will be
created, and in which it can be planned and executed. For more information, refer to Freight order grouping.
Generate load plan and freight order cluster
Actualize load plan or freight order cluster
The subcontracting process is performed in the freight
planning company, for this process there is no difference between multicompany
and single-company environments. For more information, refer to Subcontracting.
Receive or confirm shipments in Warehousing
If a warehousing order line exists for a freight order line,
shipments and loads are present in the Planned Loads/Shipments (whinh4180m000) session in Warehousing. These
loads and shipments are created by Freight if the freight order line has status Actual,
or by Warehousing if the freight order line is not yet actual.
If inbound or outbound shipments are confirmed in Warehousing, this
information is updated via the Planned Loads/Shipments (whinh4180m000) session to the freight order clusters,
loads, and shipments in the freight planning company. The loads and shipments
in the freight planning company are the counterparts of the shipments and loads
in the Planned Loads/Shipments (whinh4180m000) session, see Planned Loads/Shipments (whinh4180m000) for further
Calculate freight invoice amount for sales
When the freight invoice amount is calculated on a sales
order line, the freight planning company is not yet known because a freight
order is not yet created for the sales order line. In this case, a shipping
office must be selected during the calculation process. Selecting a shipping
office is performed in the same way as during freight order generation. The
calculation of the invoice amounts takes place in the freight planning company
of the selected shipping office. For more information, refer to Freight cost revenue calculation at order line entry
Carrier invoicing takes place in the freight planning
company. Client invoicing takes place in the originating company of the freight
order line when the freight order line is released to invoicing. For more information, refer to The invoicing process
Multicompany warehouse transfer
Lead time calculations
This process takes place in the current company. For lead
times in Freight,
this is the freight planning company, for lead times in other LN packages,
this is the current logistic company of the user. As freight master data is
shared across companies, this should not lead to different results in different