Define Supply Model

This document explains how to set up 'Supply Model. Open' (MMS056), 'Available Object Ctrl Parameters. Open' (CMS016), and 'Supply Model. Open Lines' (MMS059) connected to the supply model. The settings are part of the Global CTP settings process used in the customer order promising process.

The Global Capable to Promise (Global CTP) is an extension of the standard Available to Promise (ATP) control at customer order entry.

The supply model contains the rules for sourcing in the Global CTP process.

Outcome

The supply model is created in the supply model file (MSPLMO).

A supply model is defined in 'Supply Model. Open' (MMS056). The priorities controlling how to search for valid supply model lines are set up. Default values are also set up to simplify the process of specifying supply model lines in the supply model lines file (MSPLMX).

An entry for a Supply Model ID is also created in the Generic Object Control Table (CROBJC). The keys are program ID (MMS059) and the Start value 1='The Supply Model ID'.

Supply model lines are defined in 'Supply Model. Open Lines' (MMS059).

The supply model contains the primary rules for how the Global CTP is executed when used in the Customer Order Promising process. If the supply model is set up correctly, the manual tasks when checking for stock, materials, and resources are minimized. Also, alternative ways to fulfill the customer demand can be automatically proposed by specifying multiple alternatives in the supply model.

Before you start

Set up program parameters

  1. Start 'Supply Model. Open' (MMS056).

  2. Press F13='Settings' to specify (MMS056/P).

  3. By specifying 1 or 2 as part of the panel sequence, the 'Supply Model. Open Lines' (MMS059) or 'Available Object Ctrl Parameters. Open' (CMS016) will be included in the workflow.

  4. If you would like to have automatic copying of supply model lines and texts when copying a supply model, mark this alternative.

  5. Press Enter or click Next to verify the new settings or press F12='Previous' to reject.

Specify supply model head

  1. Specify a supply model identity of your choice (maximum of 8 characters) and click 'New' to display the E panel. Or, select an existing identity for editing or viewing.

  2. On the E panel, specify a supply model name and description to facilitate identification of the supply model. A description is required.

  3. Mark or unmark the parameters for default values when specifying supply model lines. The values specified here will be copied to each new line in the supply model.

Specify fields for the control table

  1. Start 'Available Object Ctrl Parameters. Open' (CMS016/B) by selecting a Supply Model ID from (MMS056/B) and 'Open Related' = Control Table.

  2. On the E panel, all priorities (Pty) with existing lines connected to it will be protected for change, for example, priorities with existing lines cannot be deleted until all connected detail lines have been deleted. By using the Sequence ID to to perform resequencing, the protected priorities can also be changed.

    Note: If you will not use all priorities, we recommend that you leave some gaps so that you can add new priorities between existing ones.
  3. Position the cursor in fields '1 to 3' and press F4='Browse'. Select fields to include in the key for each priority. Remember, the search for valid supply model lines always starts at priority 1 and moves up to 10.

    Example:

    Priority Field 1 Field 2 Field 3
    2

    Postal Code

    (ODPONO)

    Item Group

    (MMITGR)

     
    4

    Postal Code

    (ODPONO)

       
    6

    Country Code

    (ODCSCS)

       

    Priority 4 allows you to match customer and delivery addresses that have a specific postal code to, for instance, a number of alternative warehouses in the region nearby. By adding priority 2, specific item groups for the same postal codes can be routed to other warehouses. This is useful, for example, if they are only stored centrally, or they are always purchased, etc.

    Priority 6 catches all customers not belonging to the defined postal codes in priority 2 and 4. It could, for instance, be used for export sales which only need a setting for country, etc.

  4. The sequence fields enable you to perform resequencing of your priorities. If you need another level between two priorities, just add one by adding a Sequence number in between the two.

  5. Press Enter to confirm your new settings on (CMS016/E). Use F12='Previous' or F3='Exit' to reject your new settings.

Connect supply model lines

  1. Start 'Supply Model. Open Lines' (MMS059/B).

    This program can also be called through option 11='Model Lines' in 'Supply Model. Open' (MMS056).

  2. Select the supply model and the priority to work with. The available priorities are displayed as you press Enter.

  3. Select an alternative to which you would like to connect a supply model line. Start with alternative 1 before alternative 2, and so on. Also, select the Start values and dates used as keys for this priority. The 'From' date and 'To' date are optional. Click 'New' to display the E panel.

  4. Specify a quantity on the E panel. The quantity is expressed in the basic unit of measure (from the item master file) and is used as a 'From' value when qualifying supply model lines for an ordered quantity. Click 'New' to display the F panel.

Specify parameters for a supply model line

  1. On the (MMS059/F) panel, all controlling parameters for a specific supply model line are specified. All required fields must be specified before it can be validated and saved.

    • Resource check parameters:

      The parameters for ATP, CTP, MTP, and TTP are validated in relation to the selected Supply Source. For instance, MTP and CTP can only be selected if the Supply Source is manufacturing.

    • Delivery rules parameters:

      The parameters for backorder, partial delivery, selected alternative, and split on alternative control the creation of a proposal for delivery. They help you manage the situation when the optimal solution with everything delivered on time, from one place cannot be met.

    • Backorder and partial delivery:

      The relation between the 'Backorder' and 'Partial delivery' fields is described in this example:

        Backorder - Yes Backorder - No
      Partial Delivery - Yes

      40 pcs/01.09.15

      30 pcs/01.10.12

      40 pcs/01.09.15
      Partial Delivery - No 70 pcs/01.09.15 0 pcs
    • Backorder and partial delivery:

      This example shows which alternative is selected when 'Split on alternative' is set to both 'Yes' and 'No' for different alternatives:

Parameters to set

Program ID/Panel Field The field indicates …
(MMS056/E) Auto Option, Backorder, Partial Delivery, Split on Alternative …the default values when specifying new Supply Model Lines in 'Supply Model. Open Lines' (MMS059).
(MMS056/E) Search for supply options

... whether to always search and display all possible supply alternatives for a supply model.

Activating this parameter corresponds to using action F20='Dsp possible' in 'Supply Alternative Management' (CTS100) if the search is stopped when the first valid alternative is found.

(CMS016/E) Fields for object control …the prioritized order for retrieving valid Supply Model Lines during the execution of the Global CTP. Up to 10 priorities with different combination of fields can be setup for a single Supply Model.
(CMS016/E) Sequence …the sequence of your priorities. If you need another level between two priorities, add a new one by adding a sequence number in between the two.
(MMS059/B) Priority …the priority with which you have selected to work.
(MMS059/B) Alternative …the primary key field in the Supply Model Lines. Alternative 1 is first searched and tried before alternative 2 and up is explored. The priority is subordinated to the alternatives.
(MMS059/B) From and To date

…the time period for which a specific line in the supply model is valid. The dates are part of the key, which means two identical lines (same object values), apart from the dates, may exist simultaneously.

This possibility enables you to specify lines for future changes while a current line is still valid. Future changes in the supply chain can be set up and tested in advance.

This possibility enables you to specify lines for future changes while a current line is still valid. Future changes in the supply chain can be set up and tested in advance.

(MMS059/E) Quantity

…the ordered quantity. It is used to differentiate the rules for sourcing depending on the ordered quantity. The quantity is used as a 'From' value.

Example: I want to deliver large quantities (full pallets…) directly from the central warehouse. At the same time, I want to deliver small quantities from our local warehouse to respond quickly.

(MMS059/F) Supply source

… the source from which to initiate a supply, such as:

Stock

Manufacture

Purchase

Internal Distribution

Internal distribution without order initiation.

Depending on the selected source, the other parameters in the supply model lines are checked differently.

(MMS059/F) From Warehouse

…the warehouse from which distribution is to occur.

The 'From' warehouse must be specified for all supply sources. A purchase order or manufacturing order should be delivered to this warehouse. If 'Supply source' is set to 'Stock' (0) or 'Distribute internally' (3), the ATP check is performed against this warehouse.

The valid alternatives are:

xxx = Warehouse

*DW = Warehouse from demanding order

Example:

If *DW is specified and 'Supply source' is set to 'Stock' (0), the supply model execution will perform an ATP check on the warehouse specified on the demand order line.

If *DW is specified and 'Supply source' is set to 'Purchase' (2), the supply model execution will calculate the lead time from the supplier to the warehouse specified on the demand order line.

(MMS059/F) Distribution Order Type …the distribution order type. If the supply source has been set to 'Distribute internally' (3), 'Manufacturing' (1) or 'Purchase' (2) in combination with internal distribution, the distribution order type must be specified.
(MMS059/F) Distribution Chain

…the internal distribution flow from one warehouse to another warehouse in multiple steps.

The Distribution Chain is defined in 'Distribution Chain. Open' (CTS020).

The distribution chain can be specified in combination of 'From' and 'To warehouse', or separately without any 'From' and 'To warehouse'.

(MMS059/F) To Warehouse

…the warehouse to which distribution is to occur.

Either 'Distribution chain ID' or 'To warehouse' must be specified for supply sources equal to 'Distribute internally' (3).

'To Warehouse' must be specified if the supply source has been set to 'Internal distribution without order initiation' (7).

For supply source 'Manufacture' (1) or 'Purchase' (2), this field is optional. Either 'Distribution chain ID' or 'To warehouse' could be defined to achieve a scenario where the acquisition order supplies a distribution order which supplies a demand order.

The valid alternatives are:

xxx = Warehouse

*DW = Warehouse from demanding order.

Example:

If *DW is specified and supply source is set to 'Purchase' (2), the supply model execution will calculate the lead time as follows:

1. Lead time from supplier to the 'From' warehouse.

2. Transportation days and hours from the 'From' warehouse to the warehouse specified on the demanding order.

3. Transportation days from the warehouse specified on the demand order to the customer.

(MMS059/F) Purchase Order Type / Manufacturing Order type

…the rules for the supply source.

Depending on which supply source is defined, either a purchase order type or a manufacturing order type must be defined to set the rules for that specific supply.

(MMS059/F) Supplier Number

…the supplier number, which must be specified if supply source is set to 'Purchase' (2).

The valid alternatives are:

xxxxxxxxx = Supplier number

*SYS = Supplier number should be retrieved either from the item balance table or the item master table.

(MMS059/F) Line Type

…the customer order line type.

The valid alternatives are:

0 = Normal order line

1 = Order line that creates a purchase, manufacturing, or distribution order that is directly connected to the customer order line.

2 = Order line that creates a purchase order that is directly connected to the customer order line, but with a delivery address according to the customer order. Direct delivery from supplier to customer is preferred.

(MMS059/F) Available-to-Promise Check …whether the ATP check should be performed. This code is automatically set to 'Yes' if 'Supply source' is set to 'Stock' or 'Distribute internally'.
(MMS059/F) Capacity-to-Promise Check …whether the work center capacity check should be performed. The capacity check is performed against the rough-cut capacity planning. This code should only be set to 'Yes' if 'Supply source' is set to 'Manufacturing'.
(MMS059/F) Material-to-Promise Check …whether the availability check of the material connected to a product should be performed. The check is performed against the rough-cut capacity planning. This code should only be set to 'Yes' if 'Supply source' is set to 'Manufacturing'.
(MMS059/F) Transportation-to-Promise Check

…whether the transport capacity check should be performed.

The field is not active in this version of M3 BE.

(MMS059/F) Auto Option …whether the result from the supply model execution should be displayed during order entry.
(MMS059/F) Backorder

…whether backorder is approved or not.

If backorder is not approved, only quantity available at requested delivery date would be proposed.

(MMS059/F) Partial Delivery …whether partial delivery is approved. If partial delivery is not approved, the whole quantity will be delivered when available, regardless of the requested delivery date.
(MMS059/F) Selected Alternative

…whether the alternative should be prioritized if neither of the possible alternatives can fulfill the demand as requested.

The normal scenario for shortage handling is to select the alternative with the shortest lead time. If the alternative has been marked as selected, the supply model execution will overrule the lead time check and fulfill the demand from this alternative.

Scenario:

An item is normally make-to-order, that is, we do not keep it in stock. However, sometimes we get returns, which we would like to check for in advance of manufacture of a new item. The setup could be as follows:

Alt 1: Check for stock at the local warehouse.

Alt 2: Check manufacturing resources and initiate an MO.

If you set alternative 2 as 'Preferred alternative', you will always be sure to propose and initiate an MO in case of no stock (regardless of capacities or lead times).

(MMS059/F) Split on Alternative

…whether the demand order accepts delivery from multiple alternatives.

If an alternative is defined with split on alternative, parts of the demand can be delivered from this alternative, while other parts can be delivered from other alternatives.

If split on alternative is not approved, the demand will be fulfilled from this alternative. If more than one alternative is defined without split on alternative, the demand will be fulfilled from the alternative with shortest lead time.

(MMS059/F) Replace Item …whether the item should be replaced with another item. The replacement can be combined with all the supply sources available. For example, you can set up an alternative where you purchase a replaced item.
(MMS059/F) Item number (Replacement)

…which item number should be used as a replacement if the 'Replace item' has been set to 'Yes'.

The valid alternatives are:

xxx = Valid item number

*SYS = The original item number should be replaced according to the related item numbers (MMS020). Only related items with replacement type 2, 3, and 4 will be used. If more than one item number is defined as a related item, the supply model execution will propose to deliver the first item that will fulfill the demand according to the requested delivery date. If none of the related items will fulfill the demand, the item number with shortest lead time is selected.

(MMS059/F) Supply Info

… the supply information connected to the alternative.

In 'Supply Model Information. Open' (CTS040), information about a supply model alternative can be defined.

The information is only displayed in 'Supply Alternative Management' (CTS100), 'Supply Model Availability' (CTS200), and in OIS340MI (Supply Model Simulation API), if connected to a supply model alternative.

(MMS059/F) Delivery Method

… the delivery method for the alternative.

If a delivery method is specified for a supply model alternative, it can be used as input to the route retrieval to the customer order line. Although when a supply alternative is selected, it is the delivery method specified on the route that is applied on the order line.

The delivery method specified on a supply model alternative is displayed in 'Supply Alternative Management' (CTS100), 'Supply Model Availability' (CTS200), and in the API OIS340MI (Supply Model Simulation).

In (CTS200), only supply alternatives set up with no or the same delivery method as the order line can be used. For other alternatives, the delivery method of the customer order lines must be manually changed prior to selecting the supply alternative.

Wildcards for postal code in supply model

When Postal code (PONO) is used as control object in 'Supply Model. Open Lines' (MMS059), it is possible to use a wildcard (asterisk) when setting up control values.

If a wildcard is used in (MMS059), it is only the characters prior to the wildcard that are compared against the postal code on the order when searching for a valid supply model alternative through 'Supply Alternative Management' (CTS100), 'Supply Model Availability' (CTS200) or 'Supply Model. Simulate' (OIS340). The alternative with the most matching characters before the wildcard is selected.

Example:

Supply model defined with alternative 1 valid for Postal code 12* and alternative 2 valid for Postal code 123*.

Scenario A: A customer order with postal code equal to '12345' is specified. Supply model alternative 2 is selected since it has the most characters that match the postal code on the order.

Scenario B: A customer order with postal code equal to '12456' is specified. Supply model alternative 1 is selected since the third character specified in supply model alternative 2 does not match the postal code on the order.

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