This document explains how you create a product structure by:
You can enter and support product structures.
Product structures are mainly used for planning, product costing and manufacturing.
These files are affected:
The process can be started when these prerequisites are met:
For a product structure with a structure class type of '00-Discrete' (i.e. the structure class type used for a discrete item), the product number is the same as the item number manufactured (the output from the manufacturing order) and is always used together with structures to describe what a product consists of and how it is manufactured.
However, in the cases where the product structure class type is Formula BoM, Manufacturing route, Bulk item product structure, Packaging material product structure, or Packaged item product structure, the Product number (PRNO) field on the product structure is used to identify a process required for the manufacture of the ultimate product number. For these types of product structures, you must connect the manufactured item to each potential manufacturing process via 'Alternate Structures. Open' (PDS023) from 'Item. Connect Facility' (MMS003). Refer to this document to learn how to access the Alternate Structures (PDS023) program from MMS003:
For example, you may create a Product structure record using 'Product Structure. Open' (PDS001) to model a formula to make orange juice where the Product number (PRNO) is set up as 'FORMULA-JUICE' and the output of this formula 'ORANGE-JUICE' is defined in the Product Structure Output (MPDOUT) table using 'Output Items. Open' (PDS029). The PRNO value in the Product structure record indicates that a formula is available to make orange juice, but the actual item being manufactured is defined on PDS029.
Create Product Structure Header
This activity registers the item as a product by creating a product structure header. The product structure header can be created or copied from an existing structure. During this processing, information is retrieved from the item file. The item information regulates the steps in processing product structure as well as how the product is processed in the product flow.
You create a product structure header in 'Product Structure. Open' (PDS001).
Register Operation in Routing
This activity contains the manufacturing steps which the product must undergo. It is created by specifying operation number with work center.
You register operations in routing in 'Product. Connect Materials/Operations' (PDS002).
Co-products can be connected to any operation. Setting 'Co-product' (2) must be entered in the 'By/Co-product code' field on the (MMS001/G) panel for items produced at the same time as another product. This product must have a setting *Primary product' 3 in field 'By/Co-product code.'
Phantom items have item category 'Phantom item' (2) in (MMS001/G). Phantom items are entered as material for a product in the same way as regular material.
As above, for phantom materials, a phantom item can have its own routing. When a manufacturing order for a product with a phantom item as material is created, its operations are processed as specified in field Phantom operation method, specified in 'Product. Connect Materials/Operations' (PDS002).
Create Alternate Routing
This activity specifies if alternate operation list should be used and if so which quantity limits that should be used at manufacturing.
You enter all alternate operation lists in 'Alternate Routing. Open' (PDS035).
When you enter operations in 'Product. Connect Materials/Operations' (PDS002), you can continue to 'Operation. Connect Alternate Routings' (PDS008). In the later function you can define in which alternate routings the operation will be used.
Register Material in Bill of Material
This activity lists all the items that make up the product in the bill of material. It is created by specifying sequence number, component number and quantity included.
You enter material in the bill of material in 'Product. Connect Materials/Operations' (PDS002).
Connect Documents to Product Structure
Use this activity to link documents to the operations in the product structure, from the document table in 'Document. Open' (CRS230).
You do this in 'Product. Connect Materials/Operations' (PDS002) and 'Operation. Connect Operation Elements' (PDS027).