This document explains how you create a product structure by:
You can enter and support product structures.
Product structures are mainly used for planning, product costing, and manufacturing.
These files are affected:
The process can be started when these prerequisites are met:
For a product structure with a structure class type of 00='Discrete' (example: the structure class type used for a discrete item), the product number is the same as the item number manufactured (the output from the manufacturing order) and is always used together with structures to describe what a product consists of and how it is manufactured.
In cases where the product structure class type is Formula BoM, Manufacturing route, Bulk item product structure, Packaging material product structure, or Packaged item product structure, the Product number (PRNO) field on the product structure is used to identify a process required for the manufacture of the ultimate product number. For these types of product structures, you must connect the manufactured item to each potential manufacturing process through 'Alternate Structures. Open' (PDS023) from 'Item. Connect Facility' (MMS003).
See Connect and Define Manufacturing Settings for Facility to learn how to access 'Alternate Structures. Open' (PDS023) from (MMS003).
For example, you may create a product structure record using 'Product Structure. Open' (PDS001) to model a formula to make orange juice where the Product number (PRNO) is set up as 'FORMULA-JUICE' and the output of this formula 'ORANGE-JUICE' is defined in the product structure output (MPDOUT) table using 'Output Items. Open' (PDS029). The PRNO value in the product structure record indicates that a formula is available to make orange juice, but the actual item being manufactured is defined on (PDS029).
Create product structure header
This activity registers the item as a product by creating a product structure header. The product structure header can be created or copied from an existing structure. During this processing, information is retrieved from the item file. The item information regulates the steps in processing product structure as well as how the product is processed in the product flow.
You create a product structure header in 'Product Structure. Open' (PDS001).
Register operation in routing
This activity contains the manufacturing steps which the product must undergo. It is created by specifying the operation number with work center.
You register operations in routing in 'Product. Connect Materials/Operations' (PDS002).
Co-products can be connected to any operation. Setting 'Co-product' (2) must be specified in the 'By/Co-product code' field on the (MMS001/G) panel for items produced at the same time as another product. This product must have the setting 3='Primary product' in the 'By/Co-product code' field.
Phantom items have item category 2='Phantom item' on (MMS001/G). Phantom items are specified as material for a product in the same way as regular material.
As above, for phantom materials, a phantom item can have its own routing. When a manufacturing order for a product with a phantom item as material is created, its operations are processed as specified in the 'Phantom operation method' field specified in 'Product. Connect Materials/Operations' (PDS002).
Create alternate routing
This activity determines if an alternate operation list should be used and if so, which quantity limits should be used in manufacturing.
Specify all alternate operation lists in 'Alternate Routing. Open' (PDS035).
When you specify operations in 'Product. Connect Materials/Operations' (PDS002), you can continue to 'Operation. Connect Alternate Routings' (PDS008). In the latter function, you can define in which alternate routings the operation will be used.
Register material in bill of material
This activity lists all the items that make up the product in the bill of material. It is created by specifying sequence number, component number, and quantity included.
Specify material in the bill of material in 'Product. Connect Materials/Operations' (PDS002).
Connect documents to product structure
Use this activity to link documents to the operations in the product structure, from the document table in 'Document. Open' (CRS230).
You do this in 'Product. Connect Materials/Operations' (PDS002) and 'Operation. Connect Operation Elements' (PDS027).
Product structures can also be created in external systems, for instance, through CloudSuite for Product Lifecycle Management (CS PLM). Records are imported into M3 from the external system using the appropriate API transactions. For such product structures, the parameter ‘Maintained by external system’ (MNPL) should be activated.
This parameter can be set only through the API and cannot be updated through the user interface. Usually, once this parameter is set, the check box is not updated. For data correction purposes, this parameter is available through the update MI transactions to be deselected.